2013 August, September – Calendar of Events
06. Tilem Sasih Kase (Balinese 2nd New Moon)
08. Hari Raya Idul Fitri 1434 Hijriyah
09. Hari Raya Idul Fitri 1434 Hijriyah
10. Hari Raya Saraswati (Balinese Celebration for knowledge)
14. Hari Raya Pagerwesi (Balinese Thanksgiving)
17. Hari Kemerdekaan RI ke 68 tahun (Indonesian Independence Day 68th)
21. Purnama Sasih Karo (Balinese 2nd Full Moon)
24. Tumpek Landep (Balinese Celebration for metal)
Hari Raya Idul Fitri 1434 Hijriyah
Idul Fitri, Hari Raya Puasa, Eid, Lebaran. A multitude of names but the premise is same – the irresistible urge to mark the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. Throughout Southeast Asia, be it the scattered tropical islands of Indonesia or the ordered metropolis of Singapore, you can almost feel the collective sense of relief among 250 million Muslims. After a long hot month of abstinence (no eating, drinking, smoking or ‘carnal’ activities) from dawn to dusk, it is time to let the hair down.
As the world’s largest Muslim nation, Indonesia literally grinds to a halt. The pre-Idul Fitri traffic jams are legendary; this is a mass exodus on a biblical scale. They are packed in like sardines on economy buses, trains, cars and trucks along with millions of other homesick travelers. In among all the pandemonium you’ll see four or five people perched on a motorbike with a grueling 500 kilometer journey home ahead of them. Hindu Bali is the one place to escape all the mayhem where life generally carries on as normal. Interestingly, this is the one time when frantic Jakarta is actually quite bearable. A mind-boggling 8 million residents leave the city to return home for Idul Fitri.
In typical Indonesian fashion, many communities in Java and Sumatra get a little greedy, by celebrating not once but twice. ‘Lebaran Ketupat’ takes place one week later and is more of a communal event with fewer religious overtones. Whole villages get together to share food, dance and listen to cheesy Indo-pop music. It is a surprisingly lively affair with market stalls and mini funfair rides for young kids. The time honored game of Panjat Pinang (climbing up a slippery pole to grab prizes such as a new TV or video games) is played to the sound of much hilarity. On the island of Lombok it is known as ‘Lebaran Topat’ and intriguingly involves special ceremonies by both the Muslim and Hindu communities together with prayers and ritual bathing in the sea.
Hari Raya Saraswati (Balinese Celebration for knowledge)
On the day of Saraswati usually early in the morning the students are busy preparing for school prayer ceremony at their respective schools, as it is usually the students continue to worship the other temples. And a favorite to worship is Jaganatha existing temple in the city centre. At school, temples, home, or in the office, all books, manuscripts, libraries and stationery in a place to put it on the ceremony. There are myths on the day of Saraswati is not allowed to write and read, do you know??…..
Indonesian Independence Day 68th
Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Negara RI (RI stands for Republik Indonesia), or Indonesian Independence Day is celebrated yearly on August 17th to mark the Proclamation (Declaration) of Indonesian Independence on Friday, August 17, 1945. Prior to the proclamation, Indonesia had been colonized by the Portuguese, Dutch, and Japanese for over 300 years. As such, the Independence day is also called as Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Republik Indonesia or just Hari Proklamasi.
The upcoming Saturday, 17 August 2013, Indonesia will celebrate the 68th Independence Day. The celebration is expected to last from about Saturday, 10 August 2013 to Saturday, 31 August 2013. Indonesian Independence Day 2013 is often called fondly as tujuhbelasan, roughly meaning festival of the seventeenth, just like how American called their Independence Day as 4th of July. As a maritime / archipelago country, Indonesia often do not have a consistent island count, and thus in school it is usually taught that the country has 17845 islands, which is the number taken from the independence date (17th day of 8th month in the year 1945).
Independence day is a huge celebration in Indonesia. Most businesses and offices are closed on the Independence day, but preparations are started 2-3 months before that. Business and locals are chirping in for activities with donations. Streets and building around the country are decorated with the ornaments such as Indonesian red-white flags and congratulatory banners.
This year, Ramadhan or Bulan Puasa 2013 falls in the month of August, but the Indonesian Independence Day 2013 falls on around 9 days after the end of Ramadhan 2013 (Eid al-Fitr 2013). Thus, the celebration of Indonesian Independence Day 2013 will be more festal than the last three years when Indonesian Independence Day occurred during Ramadhan fasting month.
Visitors can expect to observe lots of interesting activities days around the festival. In almost every villages, town and cities, you can watch sports competitions and free concerts. On the day itself, the main attractions are the town parades, with marching bands, decorated cars and bikes, barongs, and kuda lumpings.
For the locals, one of the most anticipated activity is the panjat pinang game. People groups into a team of 3-6 persons each, to attempt a climb of slippery poles for gifts and prizes on top of the pole. It’s really quite fun to watch.
04. Tilem Sasih Karo (Balinese 2nd New Moon)
19. Purnama Sasih Katiga (Balinese 3rd Full Moon)
28. Tumpek Wariga / Pengatang (Balinese Celebration for trees)
Tumpek Wariga (Balinese Celebration for Trees)
It comes once in every six months or every 210 days, suggesting the Balinese to worship God Sangkara the God of Vegetation. It’s a right time to beg the God to give His grace so the vegetation can provide a lot of crops.
Tumpek Wariga is a ritual ceremony dedicated to the vegetations. It’s also known as Tumpek Pengarah or Tumpek Uduh or Tumpek Bubuh. It’s called as Tumpek Pengarah since it’s a day to give instruction or suggestion for the vegetation to provide a lot of food (fruits, leaves, etc).
It enables the Balinese to make any preparation to held Galungan Day that will come in a few weeks ahead. Pengarah means instruction.